The National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security (NAPWPS) serves as the response of the Philippines to various international instruments on women, peace and security. It supports the implementation of national mandates on women and gender equality as well as peace and development. It is a product of constructive engagement between the government and civil society towards addressing sexual and gender-based violence in the context of conflict and promoting women’s participation in peacebuilding.
The Philippines is the first country in Asia that adopted a national plan on women, peace and security. The NAPWPS maximized its gains from decades of gender mainstreaming work in the country as it enabled national government agencies and local government units to identify women, peace and security interventions to be integrated in their respective gender and development (GAD) plans and budgets and accomplishment reports – a budgetary requirement based on the landmark law, Republic Act No. 9710 or the Magna Carta of Women.
The Philippine NAPWPS is composed of two (2) primary outcomes based on United Nations Security Council Resolutions (UNSCR) 1325 and 1820:
PROTECTION AND PREVENTION
To ensure the protection of women’s human rights and prevention of violation of these rights in armed conflict and post-conflict situations
EMPOWERMENT AND PARTICIPATION
To empower women and ensure their active and meaningful participation in areas of peacekeeping, peacemaking, peacebuilding, conflict prevention, conflict resolution, and post-conflict reconstruction
There are also two (2) support outcomes to fulfill the two primary outcomes:
PROMOTION AND MAINSTREAMING
To promote and mainstream gender perspective in all aspects of conflict prevention, conflict
resolution and peacebuilding
MONITORING AND EVALUATION
To institutionalize a system to monitor, evaluate and report on the implementation of the NAPWPS in order to enhance accountability for successful implementation and the achievement of goals.
These outcomes contain action points and indicators, with corresponding government body identified to fulfill such indicators. The 2014 NAPWPS currently contains eleven (11) action points and thirty-seven (37) indicators.