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Duterte’s top execs in Sulu to underscore the importance of BOL in search for just and lasting peace

PATIKUL, Sulu, January 18, 2019 — President Rodrigo Roa Duterte on Thursday sent his top security and peace secretaries here to pitch for the ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL) days before the plebiscite scheduled on January 21.

Led by Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana, the powerhouse group was composed of National Security Adviser Hermogenes Esperon, Interior Secretary Eduardo Año Jr., Presidential Peace Adviser Carlito Galvez Jr., Cabinet Secretary Karlo Nograles, Deputy Presidential Peace Adviser Nabil Tan, and Armed Forces of the Philippines Chief of Staff Benjamin Madrigal.

History unfolding

Lorenzana urged the more than 10,000 residents gathered at the gymnasium of Mindanao State University not to miss the opportunity to ratify the BOL.

“This is our chance to make our present situation better…We shall pass on a more prosperous Mindanao to the next generation,” the defense chief said.

“What is happening right now is history in the making,” he added.

Lorenzana said the BOL is a testament that the Bangsamoro people in Mindanao are “lovers of peace.”

“This is our dream. Even though I am not a Muslim, I grew up in Muslim-dominated area in Maguindanao, I am with you in dreaming of a prosperous Mindanao,” he said.

Lorenzana grew up in the town of Parang in Maguindanao and studied in Notre Dame College.

More powerful political entity

“The Bangsamoro people’s aspiration for social justice, equality, peace, and prosperity is shared by all peace-loving Filipino people,” he said.

Lorenzana also challenged the future leaders of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao to practice good governance to make peace sustainable.

The BOL aims to establish a more powerful political structure for the people in Mindanao.

President Duterte signed the BOL on July 27, 2018. The law is part of his campaign promise to heed the Moro people’s clamor for a genuine autonomy, saying the nation needs to address the “historical injustices committed against the Moro people” in Mindanao.

Duterte Administration’s legacy

Yusop Jikiri, chair of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), said the BOL “responds to the long-standing wishes and expectation of our people that will greatly impact the lives of the present and future generations of the Bangsamoro people.”

Jikiri expressed his gratitude to the Cabinet secretaries for gracing the grand assembly for the BOL.

“The only objective of these officials (Cabinet secretaries) in coming to Sulu is to help us achieve overwhelming victory for the BOL because this is also the marching order of the President,” he said.

“Our President is seriously concerned for the ratification of the new autonomy law for the Bangsamoro because it is the legacy of his administration to put an end to the historical injustices committed against the Bangsamoro people,” Jikiri said.

“The BOL is the only available solution to the aspirations of our people,” he pointed out as he encourage the people to vote Yes to the BOL.

Rallying call

Nograles announced the entire Cabinet is 100% in support of the ratification of the BOL.

“We believe the BOL is the key for peace in Mindanao,” he said, narrating the work during the previous 16th Congress on the Bangsamoro Basic Law, the first version of the law.

Nograles urged the people not to miss this opportunity and ratify the BOL.

“On Monday, we should unite and write in our ballot our Yes votes to the BOL,” he told the crowd.

Peace warriors

Esperon, for his part, narrated his experiences when he was a young officer assigned in Sulu in 1970s.

He disclosed that among those he engaged in an armed encounter is no other than Jikiri himself.

“Even among rival warriors, we can be friends because we have only one objective and that objective is to bring peace in our area,” Esperon said.

“We came here today because we are 100% in support of the ratification of the BOL,” he said, adding with the BOL,” it is now the time to bring the luster of Sulu.”

Template for Federalism

Año explained that the BOL is a template for the federal setup of government.

“Our present government under the Duterte administration is advocating for a federal system. The good thing here is that the Bangsamoro government is the step for our federal form of government,” he said.

Año said with the ratification of the BOL,“we can now solve the armed conflict not only the secessionist groups but more importantly the terrorist groups.”

The law, he said, will empower the Moro and non-Moro communities residing in the area.

“We will now have a Bangsamoro government with more power, more autonomy, and more resources,”  he said.

“This is the time to tell to the whole country and rest of the world that we will vote Yes to the BOL this January 21,” Año said, generating applause from crowd.

“Mindanao will be the land of real change and the land of fulfillment,” he added. ###


By | January 18th, 2019|MILF, MNLF, News|0 Comments

BOL gains hundred percent support in Marawi City

MARAWI CITY, January 17, 2019 – Thousands of Maranaws rallied their support to ratify the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL) in the upcoming plebiscite.

With five days to go before the historic plebiscite, nearly six thousand people representing various groups and sectors gathered at the Dimaporo Gym in Mindanao State University (MSU) on Wednesday for a Peace Assembly to extend support for the landmark legislation.

In his remarks, MSU President Dr. Habib Macaayong reiterated the university’s support for the new Bangsamoro Government.

“The Mindanao State University opens wide its road to you. Umasa kayo na sa pagtungo sa bagong umaga, kasama ninyo kami. Mabuhay ang Bangsamoro Organic Law,” Macaayong said.

Urging the people to participate in plebiscite on January 21, 2019, Arim Jamal Urandig, representative of the Ulama sector, said peace and prosperity will follow once the BOL is ratified.

“Let us go out and vote. Let peace happen by voting ‘Yes’ to BOL. Your vote can help attain the aspirations of our people,” Urandig said.

The same sentiment was shared by Fr. Ramon Torres, Vicar General of the Prelature of St. Mary in Marawi City.

“Peace is our common endeavor. And peace is possible with the ratification of the BOL. It provides us the avenue for the dialogue of life and faith,” he said.

Sultan Bangcola Adtha, Chairman of the Federation of 16 Royal Sultanate of Lanao, said the sultanates stand as one in support of the landmark measure.

“Today, the sultanates in Bangsamoro area are always supportive of President Rodrigo Duterte. Now that the BOL is being approved and we are at the deciding point of ratifying the law, majority of the Bangsamoro region will vote ‘Yes,’” he said.

Being an active stakeholder in the Bangsamoro peace process, the Coalition of Moro Youth President Atty. Shiddick Abantas reaffirmed the organization’s commitment to support the new Bangsamoro Government even after the plebiscite.

“We will campaign and vote ‘Yes’ in the January 21 plebiscite. We will render our unending and tireless support to the Bangsamoro Government. Kami po ang magmamana sa Bangsamoro Government. Alam po namin na kung magiging payapa ang Bangsamoro, kami pong youth ang makikinabang dito,” Abantas said.

Prof. Abhoud Syed Lingga, member of the MILF Peace Implementing Panel, called on the people to campaign for the legislative measure to “change the minds” of the opposition.

“We are here to appeal to you, not only to vote for ‘Yes’ but to go out and campaign actively to convince the undecided and those who are decided to vote ‘No’ to change their minds and vote for ‘Yes’ instead. Why do we have to do that? Because BOL is the implementation of the agreements between the government and the Moro groups,” Lingga said.

Speaking for the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), Pendamu Sani said they have set aside political differences with the leadership of the MILF to move peace forward.

Nagkakaisa ang MILF at MNLF para sa BOL. We should be reunited the same way our ancestors used to be,” Sani said.

For his part, OPAPP Assistant Secretary Dickson Hermoso appealed to the people to participate in the plebiscite and protect the integrity of the democratic process.

Bantayan natin ang ating boto. Ito ay para sa kinabukasan ng susunod na henerasyon. Kaya kami sa OPAPP ay buong pusong umaapela sa inyo na sa January 21 at February 6 ay lumabas tayo at bumoto ng ‘Yes,’” Hermoso said.


According to the rules and procedures set by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC), registered voters must write down “Yes” or “No” in Filipino, English or in their corresponding local language for every item or question. Otherwise, votes written in any other form such as through check or cross marks will be considered void and will not be included in the vote count.

Ending his message, Hermoso encouraged the people to listen to President Rodrigo Duterte as he is set to attend the BOL rally in Cotabato City.

On Tuesday, Malacañang confirmed that President Duterte will attend the BOL rally in Cotabato City on January 18 to appeal to the people to vote for ratification of the legislative measure. ###

By | January 17th, 2019|MILF, MNLF, News|0 Comments

Galvez, UN to beef up ties for Bangsamoro transition

PASIG CITY, January 12, 2019 — Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Secretary Carlito Galvez Jr. urged the United Nations (UN) to continue its assistance in providing capacity development to key leaders in the Bangsamoro.

“Our focus now is how to have good governance on the new Bangsamoro government. I would like to request the UN family to help us in mentoring key leaders on how to be efficient and effective in governance,” Galvez told officials of various UN agencies who paid a courtesy call on his office on Friday.

Galvez also thanked UN for its continued support for the peace process in the Philippines.

“I think your projects that are people-centered and those on human resource development are good. I would like to thank you for helping us and sharing the same goal,” he said.

Galvez cited the role of UN agencies in helping counter violent extremism, preventing the recruitment of child soldiers, empowering women, and developing the whole Mindanao region.

“I believe that if we have peace in Mindanao, we have peace in the Philippines. If we have development in Mindanao, we have development in the Philippines,” he said.

The United Nations’ partnership framework is anchored on the Sustainable Development Goals 2019-2023. It aims to achieve outcomes related to people-centeredness, economic prosperity, and peace.

In his remarks during the courtesy call, UN Resident Coordinator Ola Almgren expressed interest in OPAPP’s practices in the peace process.

“OPAPP has contributed a lot to the global practice. UN is looking forward to your experiences and best practices, hoping that you can participate in global fora and share them as well as to work with you and your staff,” he said.

Among the UN agencies present in the meeting were the United Nations Development Programme, United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, UN Women, International Organization for Migration, and Prevention on Violent Extremism. ###

By | January 12th, 2019|MILF, MNLF, News|0 Comments

Japan affirms support to PH peace process this year

PASIG CITY, January 10, 2019 — The Japanese government on Thursday affirmed its support for the Philippines’ peace process.

Paying a courtesy call to new Presidential Peace Adviser Carlito Galvez Jr., Japanese Ambassador to the Philippines Koji Haneda committed his country’s continued support for various peace process mechanisms and programs, projects and activities (PPAs) that are being implemented by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in Mindanao.

Galvez expressed gratitude to Japan for continuously being an active partner for peace and development.

“The level of your investment and presence in our country demonstrates the unwavering support and commitment of Japan to help us attain just and lasting peace,” he said.

Japan has provided a total of $5.98 billion as its official development assistance (ODA) to the Philippines as of the third quarter of 2018, making it the country’s biggest donor according to the National Economic and Development Authority.

During their meeting, Galvez updated Haneda on the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL), particularly on its impending plebiscite on January 21 and February 6, 2019.

Haneda said Japan hopes the BOL “wins the heart of the Bangsamoro people.”

“Japan will continue its support to the peace process,” he added.

Among the peace process mechanisms that Japan had participated in were the International Contact Group, International Monitoring Team, Independent Decommissioning Body, Joint Normalization Committee, Joint Peace and Security Committee, and Independent Commission on Policing.

Galvez developed a close relationship with the Japanese embassy in 2012 during the turn-over of two-storey school building in Basilan and first meeting in Cambug Albarka with MILF 104 BC Commander Haji Dan Asnawi with the facilitation of the ICG-IMT Ceasefire Mechanism.

ODAs and grants were also implemented by the Japan government through the Japan-Bangsamoro Initiatives for Reconstruction and Development (J-BIRD) and JICA-assisted PPAs. ###

By | January 10th, 2019|MILF, MNLF, News|0 Comments

MNLF leadership reiterates support for BOL’s ratification

ZAMBOANGA CITY, January 10, 2019 — The leadership of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) met with Presidential Peace Adviser Carlito G. Galvez Jr. on Tuesday to give assurance of their commitment to the campaign for the peaceful and orderly ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL).

Yusop Jikiri, the chair of the MNLF central committee, led the group in stressing their support to President Rodrigo Duterte’s call to ratify the law.

Jikiri said the MNLF is “100 percent behind President Duterte’s aspiration to bring lasting peace and progress in Mindanao.”

On October 6, 2018, the MNLF central committee passed a resolution officially accepting and supporting the BOL, describing the law as the “more appropriate political solution to the Bangsamoro issue.”

In the resolution, the MNLF leadership vowed to mobilize their members and communities to actively “campaign and lobby” for the BOL in order to gain support for the upcoming plebiscite and “to ensure the success of the new Bangsamoro autonomy.”

Galvez congratulated the MNLF for carrying out orderly, peaceful and successful campaign rallies across the proposed territory of the future Bangsamoro autonomous region.

“You have shown to our people your passion and commitment on how we really wanted the BOL to push through and be ratified convincingly,” he told members of the MNLF central committee.

For the past weeks, the MNLF has been conducting several campaign rallies — independently and jointly with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and other organizations — which generated thousands of supporters. The most recent was last Friday in Cotabato City where thousands joined the caravan.

Galvez also called on the MNLF to ensure that the conduct of the plebiscite will truly reflect the will of the people without intimidation and coercion.

“The ratification of the BOL will bring peace and security, unity, reconciliation, and progress not only in Mindanao but to the whole country” he said.

Galvez encouraged the MNLF members and their communities to come out and vote in this historic plebiscite.

The plebiscite is scheduled on January 21 for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) and the cities of Isabela and Cotabato.

Another plebiscite is scheduled on February 6 for Lanao del Norte, North Cotabato, and other areas that filed a petition to join the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

Commissioner Jose Lorena of the Bangsamoro Transition Commission noted the strong support of the MNLF in the political process.

“We are happy that the partnership between the MNLF and MILF is growing by the day. This is an indication that all of us are united with one objective, and that objective is to bring peace,” he said.

“The Bangsamoro people should stand in this golden opportunity to be become one. We need to hurdle the first obstacle which is passing the BOL through this plebiscite not only by simple majority but by a big number,” he added. ###

By | January 10th, 2019|MILF, MNLF, News|0 Comments

Tawi-tawi residents celebrate BOL’s victory ahead of plebiscite

BONGAO, Tawi-tawi, January 7, 2019 – Residents of this southernmost island-province are already celebrating the ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL) yesterday less than three weeks before the conduct of the plebiscite.

“The event right now is not a campaign rally for the BOL.  Rather, we are already celebrating its victory as early as now,” Tawi-tawi Gov. Rashidin Matba said in Filipino.

“BOL has overwhelming support in Tawi-tawi,” he added.

Organizers of the event, composed of local government officials and civil society groups in Tawi-tawi, decided to hold an “advanced celebration” due to their high expectations the BOL will win in the province.

Festive mood

In a celebratory mood, thousands of people converged at the Mindanao State University Gym, which was festooned with large tarpaulins bearing President Rodrigo Duterte’s statement encouraging voters to ratify the BOL.

Observers note that even opposing politicians here have set aside their political differences to demonstrate their full support for the ratification for the BOL.

Tawi-Tawi Representative Ruby Sahali, chair of the House Panel on Peace, Reconciliation, and Unity, who was among proponents of the landmark measure, was also actively involved in the defense of the BOL during its deliberations in Congress last year.

Murad Ebrahim Al Hadj, chairman of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), said he was “impressed” by the optimism shown by the people of Tawi-tawi over the ratification of the BOL.

“The first thing I saw when we landed at the airport was a tarpaulin stating the victory of the BOL. I was very impressed,” Ebrahim said.

“I thought I came here to advocate and campaign for the BOL. But when I saw the tarpaulin, I said to myself, there’s no need anymore because it is already a victory in Tawi-tawi,” he said.

Ebrahim made a bold prediction: “We are expecting that on January 21, the result of the plebiscite in Tawi-tawi is an overwhelming ‘Yes’ vote and zero ‘No.’”

He said that once the law is ratified, “it will address the issue of the Moro people’s right to self-determination, which is to define our own future.”

“Aside from being a Filipino, we are Bangsamoro. This is our collective identity as one people,” he said, adding that under the BOL, all Moro tribes shall enjoy equal rights.

Better than the ARMM

At the same event, Deputy Presidential Peace Adviser Nabil Tan emphasized the passage of a law creating an autonomous region in Mindanao is mandated by the 1987 Constitution.

“The Constitution says there shall be two autonomous regions; [one] in Muslim Mindanao and [the other] in the Cordillera,” he said, adding the Constitution recognizes the legitimate aspirations of the Bangsamoro people.

Tan said he is familiar with the challenges confronted by Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) officials.

“We were scraping the bottom (of the barrel) because we didn’t have substantial support and resources. I saw the deficiencies first hand,” he noted.

Tan served as the first assemblyman representing the First District of Sulu from 1990 to 1993. He assumed the post of ARMM vice governor from 1993 to 1996.

He recalled the time when ARMM was just in its infancy stage. During that period, the devolution of powers from the central government to the region’s leadership was still being fine-tuned.

Tan said this is a major difference between the ARMM Organic Law and the BOL.

“It is not just devolving powers but granting powers,” he emphasized.

The BOL, which reflects all the signed peace agreements between the government and the Moro fronts, envisions to create a more powerful autonomous government with adequate financial resources that would be at par with other regions in the country.

“There’s a need to bring dignity in the autonomous region,” Tan declared, while urging voters not to miss this opportunity to ratify the law.

“There will be no other greater opportunity than this time since we have a President who hails from Mindanao and understands the aspirations of the Bangsamoro people,” he said.

“Approve this in a plebiscite and make this work,” Tan added.

Ending the cycle of violence

For his part, Mohagher Iqbal, chair of the Implementing Peace Panel of the MILF, and a member of the Bangsamoro Transition Commission (BTC), said 160,000 people have died during the course of the Moro struggle, and it is about time to end this cycle of violence.

“We are already seeing the light at end of the tunnel. It’s not just flickering light but a very clear light,” Iqbal said.

Meanwhile, Bongao Mayor Jimuel Que said the residents of Tawi-tawi are known to be “peace-loving people that’s why we support the BOL. We want to achieve lasting peace and development, and progress.”

On the other hand, Ismael Salih, mayor of the town of Languyan, urged residents to be “united and vote Yes to the BOL.”

There are two scheduled plebiscite dates for the BOL. The first one will be held on January 21 covering the entire ARMM, and the cities of Isabela and Cotabato. The second is on February 6, which will cover the provinces in Lanao del Norte and North Cotabato. ###

By | January 7th, 2019|MILF, MNLF, News|0 Comments

Lorenzana, Galvez, Dela Vega, Cotabato leaders vow peaceful conduct of plebiscite, mid-term polls

CAMP SIONGCO, MAGUINDANAO, January 4, 2019 —  Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana, Presidential Peace Adviser Carlito G. Galvez Jr. and top military and police commanders met with local leaders here on Thursday to defuse tension following the recent bombing incident in Cotabato City and to assure the city of a peaceful conduct of the upcoming Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL) plebiscite and midterm polls.

Lorenzana said they came here to prevent speculation and “finger-pointing” on the bombing, which claimed two lives and injured scores of others.

“We are here to defuse the tensions and we don’t want to escalate the conflict,” Lorenzana said.

Among those who attended the dialogue were Cotabato Mayor Frances Cynthia Guiani-Sayadi, Maguindanao First District and Cotabato City Rep. Bai Sandra Sema, and Bangsamoro Islamic Forces Chief of Staff Sammy Gambar Al-Mansoor.

Lorenzana said a presentation made during the security briefing led by 6th Infantry Division commander Maj. General Cirilito Sobejana suggests the bombing had the signature of a local terror group.

“Until we get to the bottom of this, we consider this incident a terror attack,” he said, adding the initial investigation “points to Daulah Islamiyah terror group.”

The Defense Chief said their intention in coming here was to ensure the people “to have a free and peaceful elections and plebiscites.”

“Rest assured that your military and police are doing their best to ensure that you can vote freely according to your choice,” he said.

Lorenzana also called on the people to weigh the benefits of the BOL.

“Itong BOL na ito, matagal na natin hinihintay. There will be a lot of benefits. Let’s weigh it over para magkaroon naman tayong ng katahimikan,” he said.

(We’ve been waiting for the BOL for a long time. There will be a lot of benefits. Let’s weigh it over so we can have peace.)

Meanwhile, Galvez and Westmincom chief Lt. Gen. Arnel Dela Vega asked the leaders to stay calm following the attack.

“We can’t win peace by force, but by persuasive diplomacy and understanding,” Galvez said.

Galvez said the local leaders and the security forces are committed to making sure the upcoming plebiscite and elections “will be peaceful and it will reflect the honest will of the people.”

He noted that the presence of the Defense Chief here was critical since Lorenzana knows the political landscape and security situation of the area. Lorenzana is from the town of Parang in Maguindanao and studied at the Notre Dame University.

The plebiscite is scheduled on January 21, 2019 in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), Cotabato City, and Isabela City for the ratification of the BOL.

For Lanao del Norte, North Cotabato, including the barangays that filed their petitions to join the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) granted by the COMELEC, the plebiscite will be on February 6, 2019.

By | January 4th, 2019|MILF, MNLF, News|0 Comments

Moro leaders, peace advocates reunite in historic Gambar to push for BOL

KABUNTALAN, Maguindanao, December 30, 2018 — Top leaders of the Moro fronts who battled against the government at the height of the Moro revolution in 1970s to early 1980s have reunited in the historic village of Gambar on Sunday not to wage war but to call on its people to support the ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL).

“We were bombed here several times,” Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) Peace Implementing Panel Chair Mohagher Iqbal said, referring to the battles at the village of Gambar.

“The main target was our current MILF Chairman Murad Ebrahim,” he recalled as he narrated how the military conducted its bombing raids from six in the morning until seven in the evening.

“This place is very memorable to us,” Iqbal said.

Sammy Almansor, chief of staff of the Bangsamoro Islamic Armed Forces, said Gambar was the scene of many battles between the government and MILF fighters.

It was also the hideout of the MILF founding chairman Hashim Salamat.

“Many milestones of the Moro revolution were held in Gambar,” Almansor said.

For Muslimin Sema, former chairman of the Moro National Liberation Front and now chairman of National Bangsamoro Congress, Gambar is a “historical” place.

“This is where our revolutionary meetings were held,” he said.

Sema said it is positive to note that after the years of struggle, they are now once again in Gambar not to wage war but to push for the ratification of the BOL, which he said is the “fruit” of their struggle.

“It will be painful to some of us if our struggle will not bear fruit and we are thankful we have this final solution to the problem,” he said.

Describing the BOL as inclusive, Sema said all the signed peace agreements between the government and the Moro fronts “are inside the BOL.”

For former military man Presidential Peace Adviser  Carlito G. Galvez Jr., the BOL is part of the healing process following decades of armed conflict.

“We will make sure we will have a successful plebiscite on the Bangsamoro Organic Law,” he told tens of thousands residents here.

Galvez said the ratification of the BOL is part of the peace agenda of President Rodrigo Duterte.

“In three years’ time before the term of the President’s ends, we will make Mindanao peaceful,” he said.

Galvez said efforts are now underway to rehabilitate areas that were affected by armed conflict, particularly the Islamic City of Marawi.

Murad, for his part, said President Duterte made the right choice when he appointed Galvez, who only recently retired as AFP Chief of Staff, to head the Office of Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP).

“Secretary Galvez’s heart is close to the Bangsamoro peace process. Galvez invested so much effort to promote the peace process,” Murad said.

Murad reminded the Bangsamoro people to “nourish” the peace struggle to bear the necessary fruit.

He said the challenge right now is to manage the future Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao well.

The Bangsamoro people have been fighting for self rule in Mindanao as part of their clamor to regain political power over their ancestral lands.

The BOL aims to establish a more powerful political entity to address the historical injustices committed against the Bangsamoro people.

The assembly, which was attended by 10, 000 to 15, 000 people, was held several weeks before the plebiscite scheduled on January 21, 2019 in the Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), Cotabato City, and Isabela City for the ratification of the BOL.

For Lanao del Norte, North Cotabato, and the areas that filed their petitions to join the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) granted by the Comelec, the plebiscite will be on February 6, 2019. ###

By | December 30th, 2018|MILF, MNLF, News|0 Comments